OHIO CRIMINAL PENALTIES

The penalty for a criminal offense depends on the degree of the offense and whether the offense is classified as felony or misdemeanor.

A FELONY offense is one that carries possible incarceration in the Ohio state prison system, known as the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction. Depending on the degree of felony, a prison term for a felony offense can range from 6 months to life. For one crime, Aggravated Murder, the maximum possible penalty is death.

A MISDEMEANOR offense is one that carries possible incarceration in local institutions such as county jails and city jails. Depending on the degree of misdemeanor, a jail term for a misdemeanor offense typically cannot exceed 6 months.

 

Felonies by Degree

Felony of the first degree (F1)

  • Prison term: 3-11 years
  • Fine: $20,000.00

Felony of the second degree (F2)

  • Prison term: 2-8 years
  • Fine: $15,000.00

Felony of the third degree (F3)

  • Prison term: 9-36 months (12-60 months for specific offenses)
  • Fine: $10,000.00

Felony of the fourth degree (F4)

  • Prison term: 6-18 months
  • Fine: $5,000.00

Felony of the fifth degree (F5)

  • Prison term: 6-12 months
  • Fine: $2,500.00

Misdemeanors By Degree

Misdemeanor of the first degree (M1)

  • Jail term: 6 months (180 days)
  • Fine: $1,000.00

Misdemeanor of the second degree (M2)

  • Jail terms: 90 days
  • Fine: $750.00

Misdemeanor of the third degree (M3)

  • Jail term: 60 days
  • Fine: $500.00

Misdemeanor of the fourth degree (M4)

  • Jail term: 30 days
  • Fine: $250.00

Minor misdemeanor (MM)

  • Jail term: NON-jailable
  • Fine: $150.00
 

Unclassified offenses

Some criminal offenses don't fit nicely into the degree system set forth above. A criminal offense is unclassified if has unique penalties that don't coincide with a specific degree.